6 TO 8 USEFUL GUJARATIO ESSAYFOR ALL STUDENT USEFUL FROM MEHUL PATEL

6 TO 8 USEFUL GUJARATIO ESSAYFOR ALL STUDENT USEFUL

The phagus are poems that pictured the blissful and cheery nature of the spring festival, examples being Rajasekhara’s Neminatha-phagus (AD 1344) and Vasantha- vilasa (AD 1350). “Neminatha Chatuspadika”, written in 1140 by Vinayachandra, is the oldest of the baramasi genre of Gujarati poems.

The earliest work in Gujarati prose was written in 1355 by Tarunaprabha (Balavabodha). Manikyasundara’s Prithvichandra Charita (AD 1422), a religious romance, is the best illustration of old Gujarati prose.

During the fifteenth century, Gujarati literature was deeply influenced by the Bhakti movement. Narsinh Mehta (AD 1415- 1481) was the foremost poet. The Ramayana, the Bhagavad Gita, the Yogavashistha and the Panchatantra were all translated into Gujarati. This period also experienced the colossal Puranic revival, which led to the rapid growth and maturation of devotional poetry in Gujarati literature.

Meera and Dayaram, along with Narsinh Mehta, were foremost contributors of the sagun bhakti dhara. Bhalana (1434- 1514) had translated Banabhatta’s Kadambari into Gujarati. Bhalana composed Dasham Skandha, Nalakhyan, Ramabal Charitra and Chandi Akhyana. Meera supplied many padas (Verse).

Premanand Bhatt elevated the Gujarati language and literature to a new height. Shamal Bhatt was an extremely creative and productive poet (Padniavati, Batris Putli, Nanda Batrisi, Sinhasan Batrisi and Madana Mohan).

Dayaram (1767-1852) wrote religious, ethical and romantic lyrics (the ‘Garbi’) in his works Bhakti Poshan, Rasik Vallabh and Ajamel Akhyan. Parmanand, Brahmanand, Vallabha, Haridas, Ranchhod and Divali Bai were other authoritative ‘saint poets’ from this period.

The nirgun bhakti dhara was represented by again Narsinh Mehta. Akho’s Akhe Gita, Chittavichar Samvad, Anubhav and Bindu are seen as ’emphatic’ compositions on the Vedanta. Other contributors are Mandana, Kabir-Panthi, Dhira Bhagat, Bhoja Bhagat, Bapusaheb Gaikwad, and Pritam.

From the middle of the 19th century, Gujarati came under the strong western influence, due to colonial residence. Modern Gujarati literature is associated with Dalpatram (1820-1898) who wrote Vinacharitra and Narmad (1833-1886) who wrote the first Gujarati dictionary, the Narmakosh.

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